Electrotherapy and Research Publications

An exciting movement has taken place in the use of electricity to speed recovery from injuries and relieve pain by delivering very small amounts of electrical energy that facilitates the movement of ions in human soft tissue. The human body is basically made up of 67% salt water in which ions are transferred via electrochemical processes. When injury or disease occur, this normal process is disrupted. Low energy levels introduced effectively to the human body may facilitate the natural healing process. The overall success of electrotherapy in the past 40 years, which includes cardiac pacing, muscle reeducation, bone growth stimulation and pain blocking, has created acceptance of this type of therapy.

Taking advantage of recent advancements in electrotherapy, many pioneered by Prizm, one can dramatically enhance clinical results as described in the publication listed below. Unlike milli-amperage TENS products, the micro-amperage current delivered by the Micro-Z™ and the Micro-Z Mini™ through the “Intelligent Textiles for Medicine® offers lower levels of energy, at or below the sensory level. The Our Stimulators offers two treatment options that are preprogrammed and it can be programmed by medical professionals for custom treatments. These treatments can both be administered day and/or night. Most patients prefer this micro-current type of stimulation when using the nighttime therapy because the low level of energy is typically not felt.


Clinical Published Research

Diabetic Foot Disease

1. Armstrong, D.G. and Lavery, L.A., Is Electrical Stimulation Effective in Reducing Neuropathic Pain in Patients with Diabetes? The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, 36(4): 260-263, 1997.

2. Peters, E.J.G., Armstrong, D.G., Wunderlich, R.P., Bosma, J., Stacpoole-Shea, S., and Lavery, LA, The Benefit of Electrical Stimulation to Enhance Perfusion in Persons with Diabetes Mellitus, The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery.

3.Peters,E.J.G.,Lavery,L.A.,Armstrong, D.G., Fleischli, J.G., Electric Stimulation as an Adjunct to Heal Diabetic Foot Ulcers: A randomized Clinical Trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil vol 82, June 2001

Stroke

1. Dimitrijevic, M.M.,A Method for Whole-Hand Electrical Stimulation in Upper Motor Neuron Dysfunction, Scard J. Rehab Med. 26: 183-186, 1994.

2. Dimitrijevic, M.M.,N. Soroker, Modulation of Residual Upper Limb Motor Control After Stroke with Whole-Hand Electric Stimulation, Scard J. Rehab Med. 26: 187-190, 1994.

3. Dimitrijevic, M.M., et.al.,Modification of Motor Control of Wrist Extension by Mesh-Glove Electrical Afferent Stimulation in Stroke Patients, Arch Phys Med. Rehabil Vol. 77, 1996.

4. Golaszewski, S., Kremser, Ch., Wagner, M., Felber, S., Aichner, F., Dimitrijevic, M.M., Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Human Motor Cortex Before and Afmr Whole Hand Afferent Electrical Stimulation, Department of Magnetic Resonance and Neurology, University of Innsbruck, Austria, Department of Physical Medecine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston Texas, USA.

5. Tarkka, I.M., Sivenius, J., Pitkiinen, K., Cutaneous Stimulation Enhances Sensorimotor Recovery in Chronic Stroke. 9th European Stroke Conference.

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RESEARCH: Electrotherapy

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